A civilization slot deposit via dana is a relatively complex human society that has developed a system of government, religious faith, art and culture, and economic development. It may also have military forces and a well-developed system of agriculture and farming technology. Civilizations have generally progressed from hunter-gatherer groups to agrarian societies. The first agrarian societies emerged 9,500 years ago in ancient Mesopotamia. It was at this point that people began to grow and store food and begin to live in permanent settlements. This transition to an agrarian society marked the beginning of civilization.
During the transition from hunter-gatherers to agrarian societies, there was also a division of labor in which people specialized in various crafts and services. These specialized professions allowed for trade with other communities. This in turn facilitated long-distance trade. These types of exchanges required a new type of community organization that was called a city. It was at this stage that people also learned to make metallurgy, a process that involves using fire to shape metals into tools and other implements. During this time, civilizations also started to develop writing, allowing for communication between cities and the preservation of knowledge in an organized form.
One of the major differences between cultures and civilizations is that culture relates to the beliefs and values that are shared by a people, while civilization relates to the structure of the society. It is not always easy to determine whether a particular culture is considered to be a civilization, but it is usually clear whether the society has advanced technological skills and has established a government. It is also possible for a civilization to be distinguished by its level of education and the quality of its arts.
The definition of what constitutes a civilization has changed over time, and the term has become more widely used since the beginning of the 20th century. Previously, many civilizations went unrecognized, such as the Great Zimbabwe of southwestern Africa (c. 1100 to c. 1500 CE).
Most big historians use the word “civilization” to mean a specific type of human community with certain features. It is not a term that we should apply to all human communities, however, as there are still lots of questions about what makes a civilization tick.
These questions include:
Why did these specific communities develop in this way? How did they achieve a level of sophistication not found in other human communities? How did they build such huge cities? How did they develop the technologies, hierarchies and social structures that define a civilization?
Some theorists think that a civilization must be distinguished from the sedentary, hunter-gatherer societies of prehistory. But these people were diverse and varied, from the foragers at Gobekli Tepe in Turkey 11,000 years ago to the sedentary Jomon people of Japan. Some were agrarian, but others like the Pueblo people of southwestern North America managed to produce advanced artwork and create hierarchies without developing full-blown agriculture. Similarly, other sedentary societies, such as the neolithic farmers of Greece, developed complicated political and social hierarchies and impressive stone monuments but did not have cities.