A civilization is a complex society that develops state institutions, social stratification, urbanization, and symbolic systems of communication. It is also characterized by its cultural diversity and emergence of new technologies. Its development is closely related to the development of a nation state. A civilization has many important features, including: a high level of human innovation, religious tolerance, and economic stability.
The first civilizations were not very advanced; some of the earliest civilizations in the world never developed writing systems. The Inca, for example, had no writing system. In addition, the moundbuilders in North America had no writing system. However, their civilizations possessed large towns, a working class, and protective walls.
The first civilizations were located in regions that had regular rainfall and reliable rivers. During this time, agriculture became the main means of supporting a society. The first great civilizations were established along rivers, with later communities developing by exploiting rainy seasons. Although there were regional differences, ancient civilizations developed in the same way. They developed cities, used heavier pottery for containers, and became highly organized. They also developed complex social systems based on class hierarchy.
The most widespread internal forces that affect a civilization are population dynamics. If the population changes suddenly, the infrastructure of the civilization can break down. These changes can occur due to migration, disease, or extreme weather and environmental conditions. In addition, populations may re-define themselves, dividing themselves into large cities and rural areas.
Despite these differences, civilizations are usually characterized by an increase in productivity and trade. People in a civilization can consider art and education as important elements of life. The term civilization is also used to describe a group of people who are united by a common way of thinking. This culture can be reflected in art, literature, and drama.
Civilizations can be categorized as historical nations, empires, or cultural groups. Each civilization possesses a unique ability and unique infrastructure. This infrastructure includes buildings, districts, and tiles. All of these factors play a role in the development of a civilization. They are the key developments that allow for its continued advancement.
A civilization develops when social hierarchies and state-level political structures are established. Moreover, civilizations can be autonomous cities with a shared culture. They can also grow exponentially because of the invention of agriculture. Agriculture increases the food supply, allowing people to specialize in arts, crafts, and technology. Furthermore, irrigation and selective breeding of high-calorie plants lead to a population boom, and that means more brains and hands to produce more food and energy.
Sumerians were among the first civilizations to develop. Their inventions included the development of metalworking, potters’ wheels, and cuneiform writing. They were also the first to develop a calendar. It was adopted by other cultures, including the Egyptians, Greeks, and Semites. They also developed a class of merchants.